Botanical Name: Vitis vinifera
Grapes are wonderful for eating, juicing, and winemaking. They also are also a beautiful ornamental plant with large, heart shaped leaves in spring and summer that become striking autumn foliage.
Black Monukka: Popular European seedless variety for the home gardener. Use as an ornamental, for summer shade, arbors or leafy walls. Self-fruitful.
Flame Seedless: Vigorous and productive early season variety with light red, attractive, sweet and crisp berries. Use as an ornamental, for summer shade, arbors or leafy walls. Self-fruitful.
Concord 'Eastern': Versatile, long-time favorite American grape. Prized for fresh eating, cooking, juice, jelly and wine. Use as an ornamental, for summer shade, arbors or leafy walls. Self-fruitful.
Ruby Seedless:Vigorous, twining deciduous vine. Grown for its large clusters of small to medium seedless, dark red sweet and crisp berries.
Thompson Seedless:Most popular grape in CA, AZ. Fresh and raisins. Pale green, oblong, very sweet berry. Thin the clusters for larger berries. Use as an ornamental, for summer shade, arbors or leafy walls. Self-fruitful.
Sun Needs: Plant in full sun (minimum 6 hours)
Soil/Water Needs: Grapes require well draining soil. On poorly drained soil, large amounts of well decomposed compost should be incorporated before planting. Strong structural support is needed to support the vines and crop; this can be a trellis, an arbor, or a fence.
Chill Hours: 150 or less
Planting and care:
- Grapevines do best with full sun - about 7 or 8 hours per day. Less light leads to lower fruit production, poorer fruit quality, and increased powdery mildew.
- Newly planted grapes need immediate watering to minimize shock. Throughout the first growing season, new vines should be watered weekly in the absence of rainfall. Water should be sufficient to wet the soil 6 to 10 inches beneath the surface, but deeper watering can cause root rot.
- Established grapevines are more drought tolerant than some fruit crops, but they do need regular watering.
Planting and care resources: Cane vs. Spur pruning: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zkAtYzjWDPc
Choosing a grape variety: https://ucanr.edu/sites/mgslo/files/303935.pdf